Ion channels are specialized proteins embedded in the membrane. The ion selectivity of the channel is a property associated with its permeation pathway, normally called the pore. The magnitude of the current across the membrane depends on the density of channels, the conductance of the open channel, and how often the channel spends in its open position or its open probability. The salient feature of channels involved in excitable membranes is that the open probability is regulated by the transmembrane voltage or membrane potential. Changes in the membrane potential can be picked up by a voltage sensor that detects the voltage and transfers its energy to the pore to control its gate. Despite their differences in ion selectivity and gating capabilities, voltage-gated channels in general share a number of structural features. They have a common structure with 24 transmembrane segments and a specialized pore region. Voltage-gated Na+ and Ca2+ channels are composed of a single pore-forming polypeptide (the alpha subunit), plus various auxiliary subunits. The alpha subunits of these channels contain four repeats of a core motif, which consists of six predicted transmembrane regions, S1-S6. Voltage-activated K+ channels are tetramers, with each subunit containing a single core motif. The ion-selective pore of these channels are formed by loops between the S5 and S6 regions, often called the P-regions or P-loops; four of these loops approach close together at the axis of the pore.
 The Voltage Sensor in Voltage-Dependent Ion Channels. F. Bezanilla. Physiol. Rev. 2000,80, 555-592.
 The moving parts of voltage-gated ion channels. G. Yellen. Q. Rev. Bioph. 1998, 31, 239-295.
|Axon ID||Name||Description||From price|
|1816||A 784168||TRPV1 receptor antagonist||€95.00|
|1915||A 803467||Blocker of the voltage-gated Nav1.8 channel||€95.00|
|1504||ABT 102||TRPV1 antagonist||€90.00|
|1113||AM 36 dihydrochloride||Na+ channel blocker||€145.00|
|2243||AVE 0118 hydrochloride||Potassium channel blocker (Kv1.5 (IKur), Kv4.3 (Ito), Kir3.4 (IKAch), and IKr currents)||€120.00|
|1697||BAY K 8644||Ca2+ channel activator (L-type voltage-gated)||€95.00|
|1758||BAY K 8644, (R)-(+)-||Ca channel modulator||€115.00|
|1759||BAY K 8644, (S)-(-)-||Calcium (Ca2+) channel opener (L-type voltage-gated)||€115.00|
|1294||Chromanol 293B||KCNQ1 channel blocker||€95.00|
|2458||Clemizole||Inhibitor of the transient receptor potential channel TRPC5||€75.00|
|1899||CNV 1014802||Na+ channel blocker; anti-convulsant||€125.00|
|2548||CNV 1014802 hydrochloride||Na+ channel blocker; anti-convulsant||€125.00|
|1868||CRAC inhibitor 44||Potent and selective CRAC ion channel blocker||€110.00|
|1322||DMP 543||K+ channel blocker; Ach release stimulator||€90.00|
|2103||Dofetilide||Kv11.1 (hERG) channel blocker||€85.00|