Ion channels are specialized proteins embedded in the membrane. The ion selectivity of the channel is a property associated with its permeation pathway, normally called the pore. The magnitude of the current across the membrane depends on the density of channels, the conductance of the open channel, and how often the channel spends in its open position or its open probability. The salient feature of channels involved in excitable membranes is that the open probability is regulated by the transmembrane voltage or membrane potential. Changes in the membrane potential can be picked up by a voltage sensor that detects the voltage and transfers its energy to the pore to control its gate[1]. Despite their differences in ion selectivity and gating capabilities, voltage-gated channels in general share a number of structural features. They have a common structure with 24 transmembrane segments and a specialized pore region. Voltage-gated Na+ and Ca2+ channels are composed of a single pore-forming polypeptide (the alpha subunit), plus various auxiliary subunits. The alpha subunits of these channels contain four repeats of a core motif, which consists of six predicted transmembrane regions, S1-S6. Voltage-activated K+ channels are tetramers, with each subunit containing a single core motif. The ion-selective pore of these channels are formed by loops between the S5 and S6 regions, often called the P-regions or P-loops; four of these loops approach close together at the axis of the pore[2].

[1] The Voltage Sensor in Voltage-Dependent Ion Channels. F. Bezanilla. Physiol. Rev. 2000,80, 555-592.
[2] The moving parts of voltage-gated ion channels. G. Yellen. Q. Rev. Bioph. 1998, 31, 239-295.

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Axon ID Name Description From price
1758 (R)-(+)-BAY K 8644 Calcium (Ca2+) channel modulator €115.00
1759 (S)-(-)-BAY K 8644 Calcium (Ca2+) channel activator (L-type voltage-gated) €115.00
1816 A 784168 TRPV1 receptor antagonist €95.00
1915 A 803467 Blocker of the voltage-gated Nav1.8 channel €95.00
1504 ABT 102 TRPV1 antagonist €90.00
3785 ABT-639 Peripherally acting, selective and orally bioavailable T-type Ca2+ channel blocker €115.00
3026 AC1903 Selective TRPC5 inhibitor €95.00
3524 AKOS-022 VDAC1 inhibitor  Recently added €120.00
1113 AM 36 dihydrochloride Na+ channel blocker €145.00
3356 AMG 9810 Potent and selective vanilloid receptor-1 (TRPV1) antagonist €90.00
3015 Amlodipine besylate Ca2+ channel blocker €90.00
3013 Aranidipine Ca2+ channel antagonist €110.00
2979 ASP 2905 Potent, selective and orally active KCNH3 (Kv12.2) inhibitor €125.00
2243 AVE 0118 hydrochloride Potassium channel blocker (Kv1.5 (IKur), Kv4.3 (Ito), Kir3.4 (IKAch), and IKr currents) €120.00
3160 Azelnidipine Calcium channel blocker €70.00
3014 Barnidipine hydrochloride Potent Ca2+ channel blocker (L-type voltage gated) €105.00
1697 BAY K 8644 Calcium (Ca2+) channel activator (L-type voltage-gated) €95.00
3131 Benidipine hydrochloride Ca2+ channel blocker €70.00
3036 BI 749327 Potent, selective and orally bioavailable TRPC6 inhibitor €160.00
3981 Calcium influx inducer compound 634 Ca2+ influx inducer €130.00
1294 Chromanol 293B KCNQ1 channel blocker €120.00
2458 Clemizole Inhibitor of the transient receptor potential channel TRPC5 €75.00
4066 CM-4620 Selective Orai1 channel inhibitor; SOCE inhibitor €150.00
1899 CNV 1014802 Na+ channel blocker; anti-convulsant €130.00
2548 CNV 1014802 hydrochloride Na+ channel blocker; anti-convulsant €125.00
1868 CRAC inhibitor 44 Potent and selective CRAC ion channel blocker €110.00
3323 Diltiazem hydrochloride Ca2+ channel antagonist (L-type voltage gated) €50.00
1322 DMP 543 K+ channel blocker; Ach release stimulator €90.00
4080 DNA binder S20 hydrochloride Orally bioavailable Nav1.7/Nav1.8/Nav1.9 channel antagonist; DNA binder €140.00
2103 Dofetilide Kv11.1 (hERG) channel blocker €85.00

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