BMP-ALK

Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) family, including TGF-β, activin, Nodal, bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) and others, play vital roles in diverse cellular processes, including cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, cell plasticity and migration. The type I receptor serine/threonine kinases (RSTKs) are also known as activin receptor-like kinases (ALKs) for which a systematic nomenclature has been proposed (ALK1-7) Its dysfunctions can result in various kinds of diseases, such as cancer and tissue fibrosis. Ligand binding leads to formation of the receptor heterocomplex, in which TGF-βRII phosphorylates threonine and serine residues  of TGF-βRI and thus activates TGF-βRI. The activated TGF-βRI recruits and phosphorylates a subset of SMAD proteins (SMAD 2/3) which are then translocated to the nucleus where they form transcription complexes with DNA binding factors and co-activators/co-repressors to regulate transcription of the target genes[1]. In normal cells, TGF-β, acting through its signaling pathway, stops the cell cycle at the G1 stage to stop proliferation, induce differentiation, or promote apoptosis. When a cell is transformed into a cancer cell, parts of the TGF-β signaling pathway are mutated, and TGF-β no longer controls the cell. These cancer cells proliferate[2].


[1] Regulation of TGF-β receptor activity. F. Huang Y.G. Chen. Cell Biosc. 2012, 2-9.
[2] Mechanisms of TGF-beta signaling from cell membrane to the nucleus. Shi Y, Massagué J. Cell. 2003, 113, 685-700.

8 Item(s)

per page
Axon ID Name Description From price
1708 Dorsomorphin Inhibitor of BMP signaling. Inhibits ALK2, 3 and 6 €65.00
2150 Dorsomorphin dihydrochloride Inhibitor of BMP signaling. Inhibits ALK2, 3 and 6 €65.00
2189 K 02288 Inhibitor of BMP signaling. Inhibits ALK1, 2, and 6 €90.00
1509 LDN 193189 hydrochloride Highly potent small molecule inhibitor of BMP type I receptors ALK2, ALK3, and ALK6 €70.00
2201 LDN 212854 trihydrochloride Potent ALK2-biased BMP type I receptor kinase inhibitor €105.00
5007 Stem Cell 5i inhibitor Set Set of five inhibitors for neural differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells. €240.00
5004 Stem Cell LSB inhibitor Set Set of BMP inhibitor LDN 193189 (Axon 1509) and TGF-β inhibitor SB 431542 (Axon 1661) €105.00
5005 Stem Cell LSC inhibitor Set Set of LDN 193189 HCl, SB 431542 and CHIR 99021, inhibitors of BMP, TGF-β, and GSK-3 resp. €155.00

8 Item(s)

per page
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