Stem Cell

Axon Ligands™ for Stem Cell Research

The medical use of stem cells, cells with the ability to perpetuate themselves through self-renewal and to differentiate into a particular cell type through differentiation, is receiving extensive interest as they might regenerate damaged tissue under the right conditions[1]. This unique capacity could serve patients suffering from organ malfunction, cell deficiency, and/or neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease by replacing affected/deficient cells with healthy new cells[2].
Stem cells are unspecialized cells with an extraordinary ability to self-renew, capable of differentiating into one or more specialized cell types. When called into action following an injury, a stem cell self-renews – undergoes cell division and gives rise to one daughter stem cell and one progenitor cell. A progenitor cell is an intermediate cell type formed before it achieves a fully differentiated state. It is regarded as committed to differentiating along a particular cellular developmental pathway of stem cells:

Stem cell → Stem cell + Progenitor cell → Differentiated cell 

Based on their origin, stem cells are categorized either as embryonic stem cells (ESCs) or as postnatal stem cells/somatic stem cells/adult stem cells (ASCs).  They are characterized as totipotent (can generate all types of cells including germ cells (ESCs), pluripotent (can generate all types of cells except cells of the embryonic membrane), multipotent (can differentiate into more than one mature cell (MSC)), self-renewable (can divide without differentiation and create everlasting supply), and malleable stem cells (MSCs have plasticity and can undergo differentiation.

Among the types of differentiation are:

  • Direct differentiation: specific type of cell in a special niche developed in a multistep unidirectional pathway;
  • Transdifferentiation: direct conversion of one cell type to another different cell type;
  • Dedifferentiation: unipotent stem cell becoming a multipotent one;
  • Cell fusion: stem cell fusing with a somatic cell resulting in another lineage.[3]

Stem cell products Library

For your convenience, you can order a library of all of our Stem cell research related products. Make your personal library by cherry picking products of your interest from our comprehensive list (142 products), or order all together not to miss any. The libraries will be shipped as 10 mM solutions (in DMSO, 250 µL of each selected Axon Ligand™) on a 96-well microtiter plate with a clear map of its contents.

Simply download our comprehensive list of epigenetics products below (Microsoft Excel (.xls)), check the products to be included, and return your list to order the library of your preference.

Axon Ligands™ for Epigenetic research   Axon 5053 - Stem cell Library.xls                   


The pharmacological tools in this category could interact in any way with the complex cell differentiating processes involved in the transformation of an un-programmed stem cell into its destination cell type. Examples of biological targets of significance in stem cell research are:

Enzymes

 

 

AMPK

CDC42

CHK

CK

DNA methyltransferase

GSK-3

HHAT

HMTase

JAK

MEK

MPS1 Kinase

mTOR

PI3K

Porcupine

Rac

ROCK

TNKS

γ-Secretase

Receptors

 

 

BMP-ALK

FGFR

Smoothened (SMO)

TGF-βR

 

 

Ion Channels

 

 

Ca Channel

 

 

Signaling pathways

 

 

Hedgehog

TGF-β/SMAD

Wnt/β-Catenin

Transcription factors

 

 

AHR

STAT

 

Proteins

 

 

Aggrecan

β-Catenin

 

Related product categories: Stem cell differentiators, Stem cell inhibitor sets


[1] Stem cells, cancer, and cancer stem cells. Tannishtha Reya, Sean J. Morrison, Michael F. Clarke, Irving L. Weissman. Nature, Vol 414, 2001, 105.
[2] Embryonic stem cells in drug discovery. J. McNeish. Nature Rev. Drug Disc. 2004, 3, 70.
[3] from: R.R. Nadig et al. Stem cell therapy - Hype or hope? A review. J. Conserv. Dent. 2009, 12, 131-138.

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Axon ID Name Description From price
1744 A 77-01 TGF-βR 1 inhibitor; ALK 5 inhibitor €80.00
1421 A 83-01 TGF-βR 1 inhibitor; ALK 5 inhibitor €70.00
1708 Dorsomorphin Inhibitor of BMP signaling. Inhibits ALK2, 3 and 6 €65.00
2150 Dorsomorphin dihydrochloride Inhibitor of BMP signaling. Inhibits ALK2, 3 and 6 €65.00
1832 GW 788388 TGF-βR 1 inhibitor €50.00
2236 IN 1130 TGF-βR 1 inhibitor €105.00
2323 ITD 1 Selective inhibitor of TGFβ/Smad signaling that promotes cardiogenesis €105.00
2467 ITD-1, (+)- Selective inhibitor of TGFβ/Smad signaling that promotes cardiogenesis €165.00
2189 K 02288 Inhibitor of BMP signaling. Inhibits ALK1, 2, and 6 €90.00
1509 LDN 193189 hydrochloride Highly potent small molecule inhibitor of BMP type I receptors ALK2, ALK3, and ALK6 €65.00
2201 LDN 212854 trihydrochloride Potent ALK2-biased BMP type I receptor kinase inhibitor €105.00
1491 LY 2157299 TGF-βR2 inhibitor €65.00
1661 SB 431542 TGF-βR1 inhibitor; ALK inhibitor €70.00
2197 SB 505124 Selective inhibitor of TGF-β type I receptors ALK4 and ALK5 €95.00
2285 SB 525334 Potent and selective inhibitor of the TGF-βR1 (ALK5) receptor €105.00

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